Here’s a collection of questions and answers I’ve given, in a handy sortable table. Here’s a Notion that might be easier to view.
Each column is sortable – just click the top row. You can also search for the topic you’re interested in.
|12/20/2020||General||I'm a high school junior. I've been reading your articles and I thought that maybe writing you an email would be a good idea, since now I see most of the advice I get is misguided.|
Just thinking of what I have to do to get into a really good college since sophomore year has been a terrible factor regarding my mental health. I want to pursue a medicine career. I have a competitive attitude, even if I don't quite like it, I really want to get into a top school. Here's the thing: my problem is time. The funny thing is that my problem is all the time that I lost that I'm now missing.
What stresses me out is that I didn't lose the time because I spent hours watching netflix or something of the sort. I'm from Dominican Republic, and even if I had always been in the best schools in the DR, they're not compared to the ones in the United States. I moved to the US in my sophomore year. Since middle school, I had always been one of the best students in my math class and in most of my other classes (no, my intention is not bragging, I just try to be honest regarding my situation). However, the education system in DR is different, there are not such things as Honors, Advanced or AP classes. There are just normal classes in each grade and people who are really good students, packed together with the bad students. Given this, when I enrolled into sophomore year in my current high school in the US, the administration couldn't place me into honors classes instead of CP classes.
Most of my teachers agreed that I had the potential to be in Honors classes, but that's not how things work. You have to be in CP classes, then level up to Honors classes, then go into AP classes, each of them lasting 1 year. In my sophomore year I felt like I had too much free time; my classes were too easy for me, but I couldn't spend that time either on volunteering work, for example, because I wasn't old enough (once again, DR system is different, and I'm a 15 year-old junior because of that). I did my best and got into all Honors classes this year, except for english, I'm in an advanced english class. However, in my High School, advanced classes are not weighted when counting the average GPA, Honors and AP classes are (10% and 20%, respectively).
I have an excellent grade this year in almost every class, I'm hopeful I will get at least a 4.0 GPA this year. I'm also hopeful that most of my teachers will recommend me to AP classes next year, at least 6 or 7. I feel like my grades aren't the problem, and they are certainly not what makes me so worried about my college application. I'm supposed to take the SAT test around April or May of next year, and that obviously worries me since I have to practice a lot, but it's still not the worst thing, because I know if I study hard enough I can get good grades on the test.
It's just depressing for me to see how many of my American classmates totally wasted their time in their earlier High School year, not even wanting to pursue a college career. I feel like I'm missing the spike. I'm missing that good thing on my college application, and I wish the only important factor was grades. Since I couldn't do volunteering hours last year, I wanted to do them now, but the pandemic came to be. I feel like I'm just losing time and I won't be able to do stuff because of the new limitations everywhere due to the pandemic, like extracurricular courses.
I know myself, and I know how tough the immigration process was for me. I left everyone behind and was forced to improvise a new vision of what I want to do with my life here, in a totally different society. And even knowing that, I still consider myself lucky that at least I could acquire a legal status in the country. I know I have the potential to push myself harder, I know I would do great in a good school, but the colleges don't know that, I have to prove it. They will see me through a paper; an essay, and my academic achievements, and I'm afraid I didn't have the time that everyone else had here to do what I wanted and build my spike. I was never an athletic person, to say something, and even if I was I wouldn't be able to join an advanced sports team because I didn't try out in an earlier grade. I wish I could've had the time to do research programs in local colleges during summer, but I only have one summer left before senior year.
It makes me feel so, so "weak", that I could do great things and I can't because I didn't get to this country earlier. I don't have enough money to do things everyone else does, like pay for a super expensive SAT coach or enroll in really good biology research courses that actually cost money. I don't want to regret my entire life that I didn't get into Columbia, or Princeton, or Johns Hopkins, only because I didn't have the time everyone else had, even though I'm putting all the effort to school that my body and mental health allows me. And I'm afraid that, with the pandemic, the time I have left before applying to colleges and my financial possibilities in mind, I might not have the time to better my academic profile. Or even what it takes.
|You're clearly facing a lot of anxieties and regret about your situation. I think my best response is to repeat two general principles:|
1) Colleges evaluate you based on your personal situation and the opportunities you had available to you. They do NOT compare you on the same playing field as the wealthiest, best-prepared student in the country. Colleges will totally understand that, as an immigrant in your high school years, you'll have faced heavy setbacks compared to people who grew up in this country. They'll adjust your application accordingly.
The important thing is that you make the absolute best of what's available to you. Don't sit around pitying your situation; spend that energy thinking of new opportunities and chasing them. As the Serenity Prayer says, have "the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and wisdom to know the difference."
2) Life is a marathon, not a sprint. Getting into a great college does not set you up for life; I had plenty of bozo classmates at Harvard who are aimless or miserable right now. And people who get rejected from their dream schools can still knock it out of the park and exceed their colleagues who went to better schools. The college you go to matters less than you think. It's more that good colleges concentrate people who have the work ethic and personal traits that lead to success; those people, when put into any other college, would have succeeded all the same. It's hard to have this perspective at your age with your limited set of experiences, but just take away that each day, you just need to try as hard as you can, make the most of your opportunities, deal with your failures, and keep getting better. That's about all that any of us can ask for.
|12/20/2020||Graduate School||I loved your guides and was wondering if you would ever make a guide for MD, PHD, or MD/PHD admissions. I find that there is a lack of qaulity information of how to be successful in these endeavors.|
I have a bunch of questions, but really I would appreciate a general guide to the world of MD/PHD and graduate school admissions. Quite frankly I am a confused high school senior who wants to set himself on the best path.
Some of my most pertinent questions are: what do MD or PHD admissions officers look for? Is it the same as undergraduate admissions? How do I do original or novel research (how do you come up with novel research ideas)?
|I do intend to write guides to this, but find myself short on time!|
Compared to college applications, graduate program applications are similar in some ways and very different in others. I'm talking generally about PhD, MD, MBA, JD degrees, as well as becoming a vet, pharmacist, optometrist, dentist and so on.
The main difference is that graduate programs want you to have high conviction that you want to practice that profession. PhD programs train scientists; MD programs train doctors. If you're not interested in becoming a doctor, no MD program will admit you. In contrast, colleges don't expect you to know what you want to do with your life—this self-discovery is part of the college and young adult process—so colleges care just about seeing general achievement, not necessarily in the field you'll end up working in as an adult.
Materially, this means that your application needs convincingly demonstrate your interest in the profession. This often means real working experience in the field, or at least exposure to it. After all, how do you know you want to be a doctor if you've never observed a patient interaction? So PhD programs more or less require prior research experience, MD programs more or less require exposure to medical practice, and so on.
The degrees do place different emphases on GPA and test scores. From my anecdotal observation,
-PhD programs don't care much about GPA and GRE test scores (though these need to be high enough to show you're competitive - if you want to be a PhD in math, the GRE math should be trivial for you). PhD programs care MUCH more about your interest and skills in research and prior research experience. In other words, a perfect GRE score gives you very little edge over a good enough GRE score. It's also better to take more advanced, graduate-level classes than it is to earn a perfect GPA on easy classes.
-MD programs do care about GPA and MCAT scores, to some extent - there are 'soft' cutoff scores (for Harvard, getting a 95th percentile MCAT score is 'good enough'). They care more about your dedication to medicine, how you proved it to yourself, and whether it's genuine. There are a lot of people who think they want to practice medicine but really are just fooling themselves (myself included). There are lots of routes into medicine, from a typical science background to a nontraditional background like philosophy, the arts, etc. In other words, someone with a perfect GPA and MCAT but little conviction for and exposure to medicine will not get in.
-MBA and JD programs use GPA and test scores more strongly than MD and PhD programs do, in my subjective 'feeling'. Empirically this shows in the average test score percentile in top programs - Yale Law School's average LSAT score is a 99th percentile score, while Harvard's PhD programs tend to see average GRE scores around the 90-95th percentiles. I also sense that MBA/JD programs require the least amount of prior experience in the field, though having zero experience does raise question marks about your seriousness.
|12/20/2020||Extracurriculars - Spike||I have been following your posts and you speak a lot about a "Spike". I have been a National Public Speaking Champion, National WarCry Champion and 4th in a National STEM Innovators Challenge. I also have always been in the Top 2 for every Model UN I've been a part of.|
I have also placed in the Top 3 in a pitching session at the Global AgriTech Summit. I am now in the middle of launching [removed]- the [removed] which already has UNICEF and some of the nation's leading youth-led organisations. I am also one of the leading coordinators of a working group under the youth wing of the UN Framework Convention for Climate Change.
What scares me is that having too many spikes may as well make me a well-rounded candidate and not anything remarkable. As someone who either wants to study law or environmental science and public policy, I don't know how to position myself in a way that is 'spike'y.
All of my achievements have happened even considering the fact that my family is from the bottom 40% of society and my mother is a single parent.
Do I position myself with my environmental efforts and public speaking skills?
|When I say aiming for too many spikes is bad, that's usually under the assumption that it's very hard to be truly world-class at more than one thing (because the competition is tough and often single-mindedly focusing on doing well in that one thing). When people split their attention among too many areas, it's hard to get the level of practice and development that makes you world class.|
But having multiple world-class spikes is not a bad thing, in the unlikely case you can achieve it. Let me put it this way - say there were some magical unicorn high school student who was at once an Olympic-level athlete, a chess grandmaster, and started a worldwide nonprofit all at the same time. That person would certainly be stronger than an applicant with just one of these achievements. It's just very hard to do this (again, because the competition is tough).
In your case, I sense there are certain things you have a natural interest in (public policy), and other things that simply come easily to you and don't take you much effort to achieve well in (science, hobbies). That's totally fine - talented people often can do well in their side interests without really trying.
What I suggest is packaging together your true natural interests into a coherent story. Your pitching/public speaking/UN awards are not individual spikes - they all serve to further your single big spike, your passion for ____. Likewise, my spike was my interest in science research and medicine; doing decently in math competitions, being concertmaster of an orchestra, etc were just side pieces.
Finally, this is hard to say without sounding arrogant, but your country is on the smaller side (~30 million in population, compared to 400 million in the US), and is considered a developing economy. Thus, the level of competition is lower than it would be in the US. Your national rankings are still nothing to sneeze at and I'm not at all taking away from your achievements - but be aware that it doesn't equate exactly to public speaking champion in the US. I don't intend to make you feel discouraged by this; if anything, use this to push yourself to achieve even more so that you can become world-class under any ruler.
|12/20/2020||SAT/ACT||I am a sophomore and I took the December SAT and I got a 1540(800 in Math and 740 in reading). Since I have about 2 years left, should I take the SAT again? In your opinion, is it worth it? I am aiming to get into top schools.||Congratulations! You're well ahead as a sophomore. A 1540 already is not going to disqualify you from any school, especially if your narrative as an applicant is in science/math. |
If improving your reading score by 20 or more points doesn't take an inordinate amount of time, I'd suggest lightly trying to improve it. It should never displace time you're spending on academics and extracurriculars, so don't obsess over it. You might promise yourself that you'll get ___ score by ___ date with ___ hours of work, or just move on forever.
|12/20/2020||Coursework - APs||Is it better to take regular Physics or AP Physics during HS years ? I have to take it senior year as i thought u have to have a completion of Algebra 2 first, but for my school you can take it concurrently which i didn’t know. And in regards to math, if there’s no way for me to take Calculus senior year but i can take Pre-Calculus can i take Calculus as a math course in college?||As far as applying to colleges go, all else equal, an A and a 5 on an AP course will of course be better than a regular course. The more important question is how well you'll do on AP Physics, and what it'll cost in time and effort. If taking AP Physics would get you a B- and a 3, then you might be better off in regular physics and investing that time elsewhere.|
Yes, you can take Calc in college. You can take nearly every class past the basic high school level in college, actually.
|12/20/2020||Medicine||What’s the best major for students pursuing in the medical field, there’s not a specific major but what STEM related majors is the best? Does the major HAVE to be what your going to pursue in the future or can it be something you're interested in? For example, i like Fashion Apparel Design but i also like being a Medical Doctor too and wanna try both but i’m not sure how to pick.||As I wrote earlier, medical schools don't have a strong opinion of what major you took in college. At Harvard I had classmates who did a more standard bio/science track in college and plenty who studied philosophy, English, and the like. We had a Navy SEAL in our class too.|
Medical schools mostly care that you are 1) genuinely committed to medicine, 2) can handle the academic requirements well. The minimum you need to demonstrate the latter is a good MCAT score and pre-med curriculum. Beyond that, medical schools seek a wide diversity of students; about the only thing they have in common is their passion for medicine.
|12/20/2020||Applications - Transferring||I was wondering if you could shed some light on transfer admissions. Harvard, Stanford, MIT, Yale, etc. accept maybe 30 people per cycle. What does it take to get in, specifically on the extracurricular side?||I don't have a lot of experience in transfer admissions. I do know the application rate is pretty low, possibly lower than the normal application rate, simply because there are so few open slots. My intuition is that you need an application similar in strength as one that would get you in as a freshman. It probably also helps to have a narrative around why you didn't do as well in your first round of applications, but now you're on a much steeper trajectory of improvement after you learned __ or got past ___ obstacle.|
|12/20/2020||Extracurriculars - Research||I recently read your PrepScholar article on your Harvard application. You said that you got accepted by RSI, so I'm contacting you to see if you have any advice for RSI applications. I want to apply to RSI this year and I haven't done this before so I desperately need help. Could you share your extracurriculars and essays you applied to RSI with, and the RSI interview questions? Thank you so so much!||Applying to RSI is like applying to an early, specialized form of college - the ideas I wrote about in applying to Harvard by being world-class apply to RSI as well. Among thousands of smart, academically capable students, they're looking for people who have a genuine spirit for discovery and research, and often a bit of that rebellious MIT hacker attitude.|
I don't have my RSI application anymore, and I actually forget whether we even had an interview - sorry, it's been over 15 years! I know that what probably got me in was 1) my prior research experience (in swarm robotics and computer science), 2) being ranked nationally in the US Chemistry Olympiad. My teacher recommendation letters probably helped too.
The best advice I have is to explore your interest in research and demonstrate your commitment to it. It's best to have prior research experience, but barring that being a standout in academics can be enough, if you communicate your deeply-considered passion for your subject area.
The best mindset to have is less "I want to apply to RSI because it's prestigious" and more "I want to go to RSI because it's the best place to develop as a scientist and researcher, which in turn prepares me to make ____ impact on the world."
|11/29/2020||Extracurriculars - Research||I am a Freshman this year and currently have a 3.8 unweighted GPA and 4.11 weighted GPA. I still have 1.5 months so I hope i can fix my GPA. I am taking Alg2, Honors chem, AP CSP, World History, Eng1 and honors Spanish. I participated in science fair all through middle school and won awards each year, but I do not enjoy it anymore as I don't think my time spent was productive. I am interested in neuroscience and cancer research and would like to publish papers and/or do independent projects. I need help to get started - I need advice on where and how to start. Is it possible to get a mentor?||The best way to get research opportunities at nearby colleges is to demonstrate 1) your interest and 2) your capability. For your interest, you should be interested specifically in what the lab is doing and have done your research on what they work on, then articulate why that interests you and what you would like to work on. For your capability, the point here is that most PI's don't want a student who wastes their time and isn't useful in pushing their research forward. You won't be as useful as a grad student, but demonstrate that you know the basics and are willing to learn really quickly, and that you'll stay committed for a long period of time (and not just for 3 months). |
Basically once you research a lab, you just need to write to the professor, or a grad student you're particularly interested in working with. Customize each reachout; don't just send 200 people the same email.
|11/29/2020||Tests - SAT/ACT||How important do you find the act/sat writing portion? Should I take it again even if I have a perfect ACT score?||Some colleges still require the essay section, and some highly recommend it - here's a list we assembled at PrepScholar: https://blog.prepscholar.com/complete-list-which-colleges-require-act-writing-all-schools|
Check your list of schools to see what they recommend. If none of your schools say they need it, then taking it isn't necessary once you have a perfect ACT score.
|11/29/2020||Extracurriculars||Currently I opened an online shop and have made around 2,000 dollars and I am donating all the money to charity. I was wondering, how much money do you think I need to make for it to be for it to be considered a significant part of my application?||I don't have an exact answer, but I think a business with 5 figures in revenue would be pretty impressive for a high school student, and 6 figures would be very impressive and quite rare. I don't have a real basis for saying this, just my own reflection as a business operator of what levels of sales are difficult to achieve. For context, the average Girl Scout apparently sells about 250 boxes of cookies per year, which at $6 per box is in the 4-figure range.|
The nature of what you're selling is also important—if you're selling novel, interesting items that indicate your passion and creativity, that'd be much more impressive than reselling goods that other people have made.
|11/29/2020||Extracurriculars - Research||The application for the Research Science Institute is opening soon. On the application form, you are encouraged to ask a research supervisor (if possible) to write a recommendation for you.|
How important is it for RSI to have a recommendation letter from a research supervisor? Would it say it's valued more or less than a recommendation letter from a teacher?
I've been doing research at a university where my research supervisor is a graduate/PhD student (so he's not currently a Dr., but training to be one). Is it acceptable to ask him for a recommendation letter? Otherwise, I was thinking of asking his PhD supervisor, a professor, but the professor does not know me well at all. Would it be better I ask the professor to write a recommendation using the feedback from the graduate student?
|A letter from your research supervisor (either a student or the PI) would definitely strengthen your application. If you've done extensive research but don't provide a letter, this would actually look a little weird.|
From what I remember, you submit two teacher recs and have space for supplemental recs, so you shouldn't need to trade off a research letter vs a teacher letter.
As for who to write it—ideally, the person who writes your letter is someone who knows you the best and can speak to your personal characteristics. I know that you also wish that you could have the professor's name on your letter, and there's a way to get the best of both worlds—ask your PhD student to write the letter, then ask your professor to co-sign it.
|11/29/2020||Life Choices||I work with a group of advanced high school students and I'm intrigued by your story, what you've achieved, the research you've done, the companies you've founded. |
But I have a couple of questions:
--Why did you leave the Harvard M.D. program?
--Was it a hard choice after everything you invested getting to that point?
--What advice would you give high school students who may have to make similarly hard choices about colleges, careers, who they are and/or the direction of their life?
|Great question! I get this question often enough that I wrote a detailed overview of how I discovered my personal life priorities, and why that meant leaving medicine and science for business.|
It was indeed a really difficult decision, since I'd spent over a decade of my life gearing toward going to an MD-PhD program, but I'm far happier now than if I didn't make that change.
And this was a decision that was right for me, given my personal preferences. It's absolutely inappropriate for a lot of other people.
|11/29/2020||Applications - Consultants||Recently I seeked counseling from pretty well-known college counsel youtube and it cost around $250. This person who I saw as very trustworthy was saying that my dance was not a spike even though I have international/national awards because the competitions are not as well known and are a different style of dance (more Pop culture, lyrical, musical theatre) rather than classical ballet. Also, the competitions aren't per see "well known" but if you search up competitive dance competitions, some of the competitions that I have attended are on there. I love dance so I am not sure why it can not be a spike even though the competitions to her looked more cheesy and "pageant-like." What do you think? I found this person very trustworthy as she was famous on youtube but she made me feel pretty bad.|
Another thing she said was that startup companies do not help much. Colleges do not like career oriented things? that seemed a little odd to me. Right now I own a slime business which seems "dumb" as it is a toy but there are people who make slime well and sell 20,000 dollars worth of it. I do not know, do you think a slime business on etsy is "dumb" and not helpful for college at all?
(Allen note: in a followup, I learned the Youtuber was this one: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-IvGtFXNNA)
|I can understand how crushing her feedback was and sorry you're bummed out.|
I found this video where she seems to contradict some of the advice she gave you: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-IvGtFXNNA
I'm guessing she says one thing in her videos as general advice, but then is not very consistent at applying it and is still rooted to traditional ways of thinking.
I would surface this video to her and ask her to reconcile the advice she gave you with the advice she gave in this video. See what she says. You paid her a lot of money so you deserve this kind of response.
Followup: "So I talked to her again and I still could not really grasp her point.
For example, for the dance thing, I talked to a few other counselors and they were like I do not think the type of dance matters depends on how you write about it. I originally was writing an essay about in brief- how I did not have the natural talent for dance and was made fun off but persisted until I won an international award. She did not like that story and said that because my dance competitions were like the type "dance moms" go to, I have to write about the crazy world of dance competition? I was confused because the show is fake and the competition world is not crazy at all. I think I am going to go with my gut and stay authentic in my essay.
She then said nothing about my slime business when I approached her and asked, she was like oh I guess it can work even though the first time she said no? Like I am not sure. Other counselors I have talked to seemed impressed with my app, not that I think it is good, but her reaction was only inconsistent. She did seem extremely self absorbed and I was genuinely a big fan of her before so ...
I definitely think $250 an hour is super expensive so I thought she was going to give me good advice?"
My Answer: At this point I would trust your instinct and what you genuinely care about. Colleges want to know who you really are, not who you think they're looking for. If you write in a way that's true to yourself, you will be more enthusiastic, and that carries across. In any case, would you want to attend a college that actually thought your dance competitions were trashy or that your slime business is pointless? Probably not, regardless of its prestige - you want to be at a place that celebrates you for you.
I'm sorry you had a poor experience with this person. I'm sure she has a reason to believe what she does, but she also sounds kind of jaded about college admissions in general and that leads her to giving bad, contradictory advice.
|11/29/2020||High School Choice||I find your blog very informative as a freshman who is a professional instrumentalist looking to apply to the Harvard/NEC dual degree program. It is so kind of you to share your knowledge with all of us on your PrepScholar blog - thank you! It has helped me so much. |
I am currently a 9th grader in homeschool (online school) but attended in-person school for all years before 9th grade. When I graduated from middle school, I decided I wanted to homeschool thinking I wanted to attend conservatory in the future, but have now changed my mind and believe that a dual degree program would be a better fit for me. I am currently applying to some of the top private high schools to ready myself for a dual degree program, but understand that open spots in 10th grade tend to be few in number if any. I am wondering if I should apply to repeat a year of 9th grade instead of applying for 10th grade as there will be more spots open? Will repeating a grade negatively affect my Harvard/NEC application or will it actually make my high school career more appealing (because I spent all 4 years in an in-person high school)?
|This is a complicated question so let's break it down in a few steps.|
First, I'd question the assumption that applying as a 9th grader will give you a better shot of getting into those private high schools than applying as a 10th grader. The number of open spots for 10th grade are indeed lower, but the # of applicants is also lower. Also, I'm not sure if they would think your repeating 9th grade is unusual and hold that against you. One option is to ask the schools directly about what they advise you to do.
Second, I'd question the idea that you need to attend a top private high school to reach your goal. This goes without saying, but there are plenty of routes to get into programs like Harvard/NEC, including going to public schools. Obviously which high school to go to is a really weighty decision that you and your family have thought about a lot; I'm just giving you some reassurance that it doesn't have to be the perfect plan you've envisioned for yourself. Getting into top schools is much more about what you personally achieve with your time than what school you go to.
Finally, I'd wonder about your personal preferences for repeating a grade. Are you neutral about it, in favor of it if it gets you closer ot your college goals, or against it in general? If you're against it, then I would just apply as a 10th grader, since I don't see it affecting your college changes too much.
|11/15/2020||Tests - SAT/ACT||I am interested in knowing whether at this point in time there has been a discernible drop in the Colorado state wide testing scores at high school and below. I think we are certainly 4 years into, if not 5 years into the legalization of marijuana in the state. I hypothesize that there is a significant drop in sat and statewide test scores. I have done some research and came up with the following article.|
I find very little on this subject. The state department of education buries the results in mountains and reams of data, for which one would have to dedicate serious time to meaningfully decipher. My gut tells me that scores on average, for both state education and the national SAT scores have probably fallen fairly significantly. How about an article exploring the facts if the premise is true and measuring….correlating the drop, if any, to the legalization of marijuana.
|That's an interesting question. The baseline data here (http://www.cde.state.co.us/assessment/sat-psat-data) suggests there hasn't been a dramatic change - the state is about the national average, as it has been.|
You seem to be making two assumptions:
1) legalizing marijuana would increase usage among teens
2) using marijuana lowers academic performance
For 1), I haven't seen the data but I'd counter that a lot of teenage behavior has a rebellious flavor, and some things are attractive purely because they can't get them. Once marijuana is legalized, then it becomes much less of a forbidden fruit and thus less cool to use it. I'd expect that effect to compensate for wider access. Some data here: https://www.washington.edu/news/2020/07/20/legal-marijuana-may-be-slowing-reductions-in-teen-marijuana-use-study-says/
For 2), I can see how marijuana would decrease motivation. I haven't seen studies on this either, and I'd guess it depends on dosage and frequency. I can't imagine occasional usage (using it once a week) would cause a perceivable change.
In general, I'd guess that unless you see a quarter of the teenage population suddenly smoking round the clock, you won't see this show up in SAT scores.
|11/15/2020||Applications - Chances||I had a question about college admissions. Before I go into that, I’d like to thank you about your exceptional blog, PrepScholar, for all the advice about Harvard admissions and SAT. Ive been binge reading these sources since Sophomore year, and I think the absolute world of them. |
So being a Harvard grad yourself, I was wondering what you would think of my admission chances. I applied to Harvard REA, with a 1520 superscore SAT and a 4.6/4 Weighted GPA, where i took over 20 AP and honors classes. However, Id like to major in math, where I took Calculus BC as a Sophomore, then through dual Credit took Multivariable Calc 3 and Differential Equations, including partials, my junior year. I am currently taking Linear Algebra through a Stanford program as a Senior, and next semester will take Modern Algebra. I received straight As (we dont have +-).
Id also like to mention that I am the captain of my high school’s varsity swim team, and I reached out to the coaches at Harvard. Because I made my decision to commit to Harvard later, the coaches already gave out their likely letters, however they told me that they would write a letter of rec to go along with my application. On a side note, I also enjoy languages and should i have enough time, I would like to take Spanish as well. I am fluent in Polish and English, and I took AP Spanish as a junior. Also, I would be a first-gen student because neither of my parents went to college before they immigrated here. Let me know what you think.
|For the general reader: as with any of these admissions chances questions, my advice is to be ambitious and apply as though you have all the chances in the world. Whether someone like me tells you have a chance shouldn't really affect your thinking. If someone told you you have good chances, you need to avoid sitting on your laurels - you should keep pushing as hard as you can to exceed your goals. And if someone told you you're a reach, you shouldn't be demoralized - you should brush it off and keep pushing. So my opinion is not all that important - it's what you do internally that really matters at the end of the day.|
For your application - you'll get your results soon so don't worry too much about what I say - I have so little information about the rest of your application that I can't easily predict your chances. This is more for the benefit of other readers.
To start, you are academically strong with a special focus on math, and you're now taking college-level math, which is advanced among most students. The first-generation college student story and being competent in athletics is also good. You're in a solid, well-rounded position.
Beyond coursework, I would have liked to see more of an extracurricular application of your math talent, whether that's in math research or math competitions (AMC/AIME/USAMO and the like). This would help calibrate you to the top math students in the country. Advanced coursework is good, but not quite as standout as being one of the top in the country, as validated through a competition or research.
|11/15/2020||Extracurriculars||I'm a ninth grader at a specialized high school & I've been trying to build my "spike." I've published my poems in several literary magazines & I've published articles regarding serious topics (my most recent one about SARS). When I'm not writing, I am a tribune on the student congress & a member of National High School Model United Nations (NHSMUN). Despite participating in these extracurricular activities, I still feel very perplexed. Therefore I have two questions to ask you:|
1. Does one activity hold higher "credentials" than the other? If so, what is your guess?
2. I am a ninth grader, but I don't want my efforts to go to waste. I'll continue to aim higher as I enter 10th, 11th, and 12th grade BUT will colleges truly look at my ninth grade efforts & take them into consideration?
|No activity in itself gets more credit than any other - it all depends on your level of achievement. It's more impressive to have a Youtube channel with a million followers in some obscure hobby like lockpicking, than it is to be a simple member of a well-known club like Key Club. It's more impressive to be the nation's top Rubik's cube solver than it is to participate in Model UN as a mere member. Get the picture?|
You have a lot of interests, and I would try to probe 1) where you have the most intrinsic motivation, 2) where you have the most potential for achievement. The two go hand in hand, since you'll work harder for things you care more about.
As far as 9th grade efforts - it's the least important of all your grades, but don't see it as wasted. The work itself isn't as important as the skills you learn and the preparation for bigger things next year. If you work hard now, you'll find better opportunities in 10th grade, and likewise from 10th to 11th, etc. For instance, say you get deep into Model UN this year - you outshine your classmates, and you get a leadership position in 10th grade, then president 11th grade and guide your team to win the local championship.
In contrast, if you slack off 9th grade because you don't think it matters, then you'll be in a bad position in 10th grade.
|11/15/2020||GPA||I have a very bad GPA .|
Do i have to explain in my LOR and SOP?
|If you have a good justification for why you got bad grades, and why that doesn't represent your potential, then yes you should address this. They should be plausible though and not sound like excuses - a heuristic is that even a very talented, smart person put in your situation couldn't possibly have done well. Common situations include having to support the family, a rough home environment, mental health issues, and so on.|
You should also try to get your teachers to vouch for you in their letters of recommendation, since their word carries more weight than yours.
|11/15/2020||High School Choice||I’m an active duty military Dad of a high school freshman who is an overachiever with a dream to go to Harvard. She will probably have the grades, test scores, and extracurricular activities (music, varsity sports, student government) to be competitive for admission to a top tier school. We are moving next summer after spending 3 years in Asia where my daughter attends the local Department of Defense Educational Activity (DoDEA) school.|
We have an opportunity to move to Europe for three years where she would continue to attend DoDEA schools or we could move to Washington DC and would send her to well regarded public school. If we had moved to DC last year she probably would have been very competitive to attend Thomas Jefferson Magnet HS but openings for Sophomores are extremely limited.
She is concerned that going to the DoDEA school in Europe will hurt her chances for a top tier college due to the lack of an academic challenge and limited extracurricular activities opportunities for her in Europe compared to DC.
I believe that her diverse background as a military child, who has changed school systems multiple times due to seven moves, will demonstrate resiliency and applying from a DoDEA school while living in Europe would help her standout from the pack of overachievers who apply.
What are your thoughts/advice?
|In general, colleges care about whether the student maximizes the opportunities that they had access to. A lot of a child's life is out of their control, including where they live and what school they attend, and colleges understand that. Students are compared more to other students with similar circumstances, rather than to the absolute standard of the best prepared, wealthiest family in the best school district.|
This is obviously a very important and personal decision for your family, so I can't advise you on whether the opportunity in Europe or the one in DC is better with all thigns considered. But generally, I wouldn't try to strategize around what would make a student standout, such as the general strategy of becoming a big fish in a small pond - it's just as likely that the better opportunities in a more competitive environment might lead to greater overall development, and that your child would shine even brighter in a DC public school.
Even if she goes to a DoDEA school with less challenging coursework, nowadays with the Internet, there are more ways than ever to make your own opportunities, regardless of which school you go to. You can take AP courses online, explore personal interests deeply, and collaborate with/reach other people. Ambitious, driven students can do more, from anywhere, than ever before.
As part of a military family, she might also have access to programs that civilian families don't. I don't know this area well so I can't recommend anything specific, but I imagine they exist.
I don't have a clear conclusion here, but I'd say that if she can develop a world-class application, while being in a DoDEA school with less opportunity, she would outshine a world-class application from a plain family background. But whether a merely strong application in a DoDEA school would outshine a world-class application from a plain background is harder to tell.
|11/15/2020||Choosing a College||College is expensive and it seems crazy to pay such high amounts for college tuition if it will continue to be all or partially online. I know that Harvard is close to your heart (as I believe that you are an alumna). If one could even get in, regular Harvard is super expensive where Harvard University (through the Extension Schoo) is a fraction of the cost and much, much easier to get accepted. I do not know if regular Harvard has continued to meet in-person, but at some point, what would be the difference between regular Harvard and extension Harvard (of both are totally online and taught by the same or similar faculty --- with the exception of the tuition difference)? |
I only use that example as it is probably closer to your heart --- and everyone faces the same feeling. In my case, I went to the University of Maryland College Park and I do feel that there is a difference between the University of Maryland College Park and the University of Maryland Global Campus. But if both are online (and taught by the same or similar faculty)- what is the difference other than your tuition bill?
|Caveat: as a graduate of Harvard College I'm biased and I'm going to sound like a total snob.|
If you see attending college as simply the literal lectures, then of course you wouldn't need to attend college. You could get a Harvard-equivalent education online (through edX or Youtube).
Why people still pay $50k per year to go to schools like Harvard is a combination of other benefits that are hard to get elsewhere:
-credentialing and selectivity: if the world's top high school students apply to a college and only 5% are chosen, then simply by being admitted to Harvard, you already show that you've passed a very selective filter and thus are likely to be qualified. Similarly, if you hear of someone being an Olympic runner, without knowing anything else about the person, you already know that she's likely a world-class runner. Employers and graduate schools use college credentialing as a trustworthy signal of general competence (though it's not a guarantee - there are lots of bozo Harvard grads - so they use other signals, and the older you get the less your alma mater matters).
-peer community: coming from a public high school, I found the Harvard student community to be on a totally different level. Everyone was highly competent in their own ways; some people were literally the best in the world at what they did. Being around these people, learning from them, working with them, and befriending them was highly enriching.
-extracurricular opportunities: at places like Harvard you get the sense that you could work on anything you wanted with the world's best people. For example, in science you could find professors doing the cutting-edge, high-impact research and work in their labs. It's hard to do this virtually, or at a lower-ranked school where the faculty teach well but aren't doing the meaningful work in the field.
All this applies generally to any top 20 school, and to a lesser degree in top 50/100 schools.
Compared to Harvard College, Harvard Extension School is much weaker in all these attributes. It's nowhere near as selective and so it carries weaker credentialing, a less qualified peer community, and less rich extracurricular opportunities.
I do expect that over time colleges will have less of a grip on student life outcomes, since there are other ways to educate yourself and get credentialed. There's already been a shift toward de-emphasizing credentialing and emphasizing real-world results. If you learn to code and start companies in high school, there really might not be a need to go to college, depending on your personal goals.
These societal trends are slow to change, though, and for the next few decades, colleges should continue to offer the value.
|11/15/2020||Extracurriculars - Spike||what should I do to develop a spike in entrepreneurship ?|
I love entrepreneurship and thats my strong point.
|To develop a spike in any field, think about what the world's best people in that field are doing.|
In entrepreneurship, it's straightforward - start successful companies. That's the best way to show your passion for entrepreneurship.
Of course, as a teenager you only have so many skills and resources to start a business, so you can be creative with this. Entrepreneurship takes many forms, including being a content creator, running your own Etsy shop, developing apps, creating new organizations, and so on.
|11/1/2020||Middle School||I am a mum of a 10 year old boy (based in UK). He will be applying to secondary schools next year. Maybe its sounds insane I am asking question in a matter of such a young boy but your article created a big impact on my thoughts. Subject in a blog concerned Ivy Leage Universities and creating a big spike, which gives you more chances of becoming a shining star. I was wondering if you would apply it also to the early stage of your academic life (applying to secondary/middle school US).|
Most secondary schools In UK want your child to be a super-hero in all subjects (maths, english, sience, do well in sports, have lidership skills, playing on instruments etc). What would you suggest me as a mum? How to guide my young boy and what to say at his interview or write on his applications?
|Personally I think middle school is a bit early for a student to know what they're really passionate about. The teenager years and high school really change that a lot. If the interests are more academic (as opposed to say sports), then a solid academic foundation prepares the child to pursue whatever interests them as they age. I think this is why your middle schools are looking more for well-roundedness, so they can be shaped throughout school.|
As for applications for secondary school, I'd first try to be authentic - after all, you ideally want a school who accepts your child for who he is rather than who he's pretending to be. Beyond that, I'd appeal to what each type of school is looking for in an applicant, if they tend to differ in this.
|11/1/2020||Applications - Interviews||my daughter is applying to Harvard this year under early action plan. Just would like to have one clarification from you - how the interview for harvard is being arranged, as they asked "Have you arranged for an interview" in thier application form. Whom should we arrange the interview - with professors at harvard or aluminus? Kindly help.||I think this is just asking whether you've for some reason already arranged for an interview. Once you submit an application, they should reach out to you automatically for an interview; you're not expected to handle this yourself. From their web site: "There is no need for you to arrange this conversation. If it is possible to arrange an interview, you will be contacted by one of our alumni interviewers": https://college.harvard.edu/guides/what-expect-after-you-apply|
|11/1/2020||Coursework||I’m a sophomore who plans to go get into Boston University- but i’m lost. My school doesn’t offer AP classes or Honor classes. |
In 9th grade, I got all As and Few Bs (regular classes) My only B’s we’re in Earth Science and Geography (which i very much regret)
I’m in n 10th grade and these are what my grade look like so far : (i’m taking 2 english courses and 3 science courses)
Spanish 2 : 91
English 9/10 : 97
English 11 : 96
Biology : 100
Chemistry : 96
Algebra 2 : 100
Bible : 93
World History : 97
Health : 100
Art : 100
by the way, I plan to start shadowing this summer at my local hospital.
I’m worried my grades are not enough to “Wow” then so I have to rely on my SAT score to give me a good application booster. Any suggestions ?
|If your school doesn't offer AP classes, that's something that colleges should know when you apply. They want to see that you made the most of your situation, whatever that is, rather than comparing you to the ideal student in the ideal learning environment. Keep trying to push your learning and growth beyond what your school offers - can you take AP classes online? Can you take summer courses at neighboring high schools? Can you study using the AP curriculum and take the AP exam yourself? There are options even if your school doesn't have AP courses.|
Having a high SAT score will help compare you to other students on an equal playing field if you're missing other signals like AP courses.
|11/1/2020||Extracurriculars - Spike||I am currently a senior in high school but I have been reading and following the guides on your website since I started highschool. I am looking to study Neuroscience at Harvard or MIT and although I am in top 10% in a class of 700+ students, I don't have good SAT or ACT scores to send, only AP scores of 4's in English and Biology and a 3 and 5 for Seminar and Research respectively. Since I don't have much time to change anything as a senior, I wanted to know if my "spike" in my school's AP research program along with multiple awards in local Science Olympiad competitions would make me more competitive or less competitive since this is not at a national or international level. I am working to publish my research paper from last year in a high school journal, entering it in a couple competitions and I am currently working on another research paper..all my research has been in Neuroscience so far.. Thank you||As I defined it, a spike is an area of concentrated effort and achievement that distinguishes you from most other high school students. Your AP coursework and local Science Olympiad unfortunately don't set you apart since tens of thousands of students probably have similar coursework and accomplishments.|
Your neuroscience research, however, sounds promising. If you can take your research into a high level - placing in competitions or getting papers published - that would be a much stronger spike than your coursework.
|11/1/2020||Applications - Early Action/Decision||I had a query that in restrictive early decision. I can apply to only one college or more than one college which offer restrictive early decision? I am little confused about it.||There are a few different kinds of early admissions:|
-Early Decision: If you get in, you have to attend the school. You can only apply to one school this way.
-Early Action: If you get in, you don't have to attend the school. You can apply to multiple schools this way.
-Restrictive Early Action: If you get in, you don't have to attend the school. You can apply to only one school this way.
So REA is like a blend of ED and EA.
|11/1/2020||Extracurriculars - Spike||I have a few questions regarding my application and I kind of just want a professional opinion - someone who has dealt with the agonizing process of coming up with a cohesive application for colleges.|
I started college applications over the summer without much research and after reading your blog posts over your Harvard application and how to get into the top competitive schools, I realized that I will have to restart parts of my application. More specifically, the awards and honors section.
For a bit of context, I really enjoy designing and being an engineer and hope to be an aerospace engineer in the future. I really want to attend MIT due to the ample amount of opportunities the school offers, its prestigious status, and the student-centered and initiative/risk-taking culture there. However, I don't quite have any honors and awards. I don't have any national-ranking achievements and don't have any design or computer-aided-design (CAD) related awards (since high-school competitions for designing are very limited).
My spike would obviously be the amount of time I've put into robotics - it wouldn't be a stretch to say I've put in 59 hours or so per week - and my determination to learn. I've participated in an internship by NASA (acceptance rate of 13% and receives applications from across the US), but only have certificates of achievement (for 150 hours put into the internship) and other certificates of accomplishment - basically, nothing that is on the level of 6th place in a national science competition.
I was thinking, since my spike is centered on CAD, perhaps I could try to receive certificates for CAD (the program I use offers certificates after passing an exam) to show to colleges, but where does that rank in terms of achievements? These certificates are handed out to anybody, including industry-level designers, and have varying degrees of difficulty, from associate, to professional, to professional advanced, and expert.
I would really appreciate it if you could give me a bit of your take on this issue, since this is really stressing me out - MIT means a lot to me and I really don't want to lose this chance. If not, that's understandable - you probably receive hundreds of these kinds of emails per day.
|First, it's great that you've identified an area of your interest. This is a bigger step than you realize.|
Schools like MIT have an engineering-minded, "hacker" culture that cares more about what you DO with your interests than about classical credentialing. So you have an interest in CAD - what do you DO with it? What can you create? How can you make an impact with your passion? What quirky things are you so interested in doing that you don't care whether it looks good on your application or not?
The internship with NASA is a good start. What can you do beyond this? Can you participate in a real-life project to apply your skills? Can you educate others with your knowledge? Can you build your own cool toys? Let your creativity run wild.
|11/1/2020||Applications|| this is a rather weird question that i am going to ask you. please if its possible could you tell me your honest opinion.|
i recently applied to college and i've lied about my extracurriculars (which i shouldn't have done) i've listed two of your harvard extracurriculars as my own ....
will i get caught? should I withdraw my application?
|Well I can honestly say I've never gotten this question before! I should first state the obvious - that this is unethical, cheats other people out of their real hard-earned accomplishments, and no one should do this.|
But let's talk about the practicalities, since cheating does happen and we should think about how well it works. In general, I see lying on applications as high risk low reward - it's relatively easy for admissions officers to verify your most important accomplishments, and if you're caught lying it's an instant rejection. For instance, if you say you were an Olympic athlete, it's easy to find out you weren't. They also expect to see impressive accomplishments mentioned in your recommendation letters by your teachers (such as being part of an academic team, winning awards, or being a student leader).
The less impressive the accomplishment, the less easy it is to verify, but the less it also adds to your application - for instance, being a member of a club.
In my case, if you copied two of my extracurriculars, the best accomplishments are easy to verify (like the chemistry olympiad, going to the RSI research program, or being concertmaster of an orchestra), and the less impressive accomplishments won't benefit your application much. If you did the latter, then you probably won't get caught, but don't count on it making much of a difference in your chances of getting in.
I can't advise on whether you should withdraw - that's up to you and your personal standards of ethics. I am pretty curious though about what the result would be if they read your application.
|10/18/2020||Coursework - IB||I'm an incoming senior and I've been doing the IB Diploma program for 3 years. However, because of my dad's jobs, we constantly moved, I've attended 3 schools for my high school and this last school just said that I can't be in the diploma program anymore as they have different requirements and classes availability compare to my other school. IB has always been a part of my high school identity and now having to drop it, I've been so sad for this whole week, I feel like my college path just got shut down. How important do you think IB Diploma is to college consider not having it. Also, can you give some brief information about college advices, I'm doing my college essays and SAT now but I'm just clueless, I'm practicing and studying but I don't know where I'm heading. Thank you.||The good thing about college applications is that they take into account your personal situation, rather than just looking at your coursework and credentials in a vacuum. Moving high schools is a jarring transition; doing it twice can disturb any high school student's momentum. Certainly you get leeway for not completing the IB program if a school doesn't offer it. |
What colleges care about is taht you make the most of your situation, whatever that is. Keep trying to push yourself based on what's avaialble to you. You might consider making your own opportunities (for instance, if your school doesn't offer a particular course, try to take it online.)
In terms of your other questions, Google is your best friend. Think of what questions you have, Google it, read the top 5 links, then search for more questions. This will get you very far if you put in the work; many students don't.
|10/18/2020||Tests - SAT/ACT||I'm an international student. I'm taking the ACT test in December. If I decide to retake it in March, will I have to send both results to the school that I'm applying to or can I choose which one to send?||Different schools have different policies for test scores. Most participate in a version of Score Choice, which gives you the option of sending only some of the scores you've received. Some require all scores to be sent.|
I'd make a list of schools you're interested in, research their score choice policies, and then see if that influences your decision. In general, I'd encourage you to take more tests if you're confident you can get a higher score - schools don't really mind your retaking a test if you're showing good improvement
|10/18/2020||Tests - SAT/ACT||Are three months enough to improve my ACT score by 5 points? (specifically English and reading)||An improvement of 5 points isn't unreasonable. Whether you can achieve it in 3 months depends on how much you've studied before (the less you have, the more you'll improve), how hard you study, and how intelligently you study. Here's a guide I wrote on how I recommend everyone study: https://blog.prepscholar.com/how-to-get-a-perfect-act-score-by-a-36-full-scorer|
|10/18/2020||Applications - Special Situations||I struggle with severe depression. I'm currently a junior and know I have the potential to thrive in more prestigious colleges but my current application won't reflect that since I spent the majority of my freshman and sophomore year either in therapy or in my room sick from medications. How would I be able to demonstrate my academic ability and passion for law, while also explaining my lack of accomplishments due to my health history without sounding like I'm using it as an excuse?||Colleges are certainly sensitive to mental health concerns, so you don't need to feel defeated if your application doesn't measure up to students who didn't have the same setbacks. What they really care about is whether you made the most of your situation and opportunities, whatever those are.|
There are a few ways to discuss this:
1) applications have a "special notes" section expressly to discuss personal situations like this
2) your recommendation letter writers can speak to your mental health struggles and how you made the most of it
3) consider writing about your lessons and development in your essays. You wouldn't want to use it as an excuse, as you say, but rather focus on what those experiences meant to you and what you learned
|10/18/2020||Applications - Essays||First off, I would like to thank you for everything that you and your company have done in terms of the college application process. I cannot count how many times I have found answers on your page. I apologize in advance for how long this email is. As a fellow Asian-American, I was hoping you would be able to answer a few of my questions. |
So, I am a big-time alpine ski racer. I have been ranked top 15 in the country, and placed 15th in the nation (for my age group) at US Nationals last season. I go to a public school in NJ, which I leave from in November to attend a ski academy in Vermont (Killington Mountain School) for five months. I then return to my home school in NJ in April to finish up the school year. I have done this since freshman year and will do so again for my senior year. I believe this is my so-called “spike”. I am also a dedicated scholar, and have maintained a 4.4GPA (w/ a 4.6 Junior year) and straight As. I will graduate with 60 AP credits and I look forward to being able to study biomedical engineering in college. I took the ACT last year with no practice and got a 32, which I was not happy with and I have practiced since and I am confident that I will get a 34-36 when I take it later in October. I have taken a look at your college application to Harvard, which is extraordinary.
The issue that I face is that due to my commitment to ski racing, which is year-round with extra training and summer camps to Europe, I have not been able to find the time that I would have liked to participate in extracurriculars. Leaving my school for half of the year presented logistical issues when it came to clubs, etc. as well.
I have a strong desire to learn and I have been eyeing top colleges to apply to. Going through my college essays so far (MIT, Stanford, UCLA), I felt confident that my essays would make me competitive in the admissions process. However, when I looked at the Harvard essays, I found myself stuck in a rabbit hole. I feel as though especially after reading your essays, that I simply am lacking the extracurriculars to write about. For my CommonApp essay, I have written about becoming a pioneer. I first start off with struggles during my childhood of being afraid to be different, then talking about an experience that opened me up to the concept of being different and using that to my advantage. I then go on to talk about committing to go to the ski academy for only the winter when most athletes go full time just so I can maintain my academics at a high level (ski academy academics are terrible). This is a difference that I chose, not one that was unavoidable. I then finish off with an initiative I started to bring my school to volunteer at an organization for disabled people (teaching them how to ski) even after facing opposition. This is where I get comfortable being different and do something completely on my own.
For Harvard, which is my dream school, I have wrote an essay about creating an electric skateboard for the intellectual activities essay. I am looking to write the extracurricular essay on volunteering at an organization for disabled people (helping them ski), which is where my interest in biomedical engineering stemmed from. For the miscellaneous essay, I was going to write about being an adaptive thinker, whether it be creating games to play with other people, solving problems, etc. I looked back at these three essays and I recognized that these would not help me stand out. Thinking back to your concept of the “spike” I started wondering if I should write about my commitment and deep passion for skiing. I was wondering if there is a chance at me being accepted, and if there is, what I should focus on in terms of the essays.
I am very unsure right now and questioning if I should even apply anymore. I am so so so sorry for the long email and I will be extremely grateful if you could provide your insight. I also do not mind if you publish this on your website. Thank you so so much again for everything you do!
|It sounds like you have a strong spike in your athletics. As with many student athletes, it's natural that you haven't had time for much other than school and athletics. That's OK - colleges understand the sacrifice, and they don't expect you to be well-rounded in every dimension. That's the essence of a spike - to put in full-throttle effort, you HAVE to sacrifice other things, which in your case means the typical extracurriculars other students have. Don't worry about it.|
For essay topics - you shouldn't be reading my essays (or anyone else's) and comparing your essays to theirs. You are a unique person and you should write something that is true to you and what you care about. There is no "model" essay to emulate; doing so would make you sound inauthentic. So don't worry that you can't talk about extracurriculars you don't have - write about what you know.
As for chances of getting in, whether someone like me tells you have a chance shouldn't really affect your thinking. If someone told you you have good chances, you should avoid sitting on your laurels - you should keep pushing as hard as you can to exceed your goals. And if someone told you you're a reach, you shouldn't be demoralized - you should brush it off and keep pushing. So my opinion is not all that important - it's what you do internally that really matters at the end of the day. I do generally advise that students apply to every school they're interested in; the cost (in time and money) to do so is usually small, but the gain if you get in is huge.
|10/18/2020||Extracurriculars - Spike||So I have read your article about to get into Harvard. I really loved that article and believe it is a must-read for any high-schooler. But anyway, my question is that for your idea of your idea of a big spike. Is it a good idea to have 2 big spikes? I am saying this because I plan to try to go to Harvard for college and right now I am only a high school freshman. The 2 big spikes I want to focus on are Biology and Latin. So would this be a good idea? Also how do I compete for getting some good competitions in biology. I want to do this because past achievments can stand out in college and it can help develop a good spike.||Generally, the nature of a spike is usually that you pursue something with such focus that you only have ONE major spike. Consider that if someone had 20 spikes, they wouldn't be very "spikey" and instead would look well-rounded. |
As a freshman, though, you have time to figure out what your interests are, so it's ok to hold onto multiple options until you really figure out what you want to do. So it sounds OK for now, though do think about what you're passionate about where you can demonstrate that deep achievement and focus.
The most prestigious competition in biology is the Biology Olympiad (going all the way up to the International Biology Olympiad). There are also research competitions like Regeneron; these require more than just studying and need you to work on research. I'm not as familiar with Latin, but there are probably analogues of spikes there (think - who's someone you admire in Latin, and what have they achieved?)
|10/18/2020||Tests - SAT/ACT||I’m a HS Sophomore in the US. I tend to go through phases of freaking out about colleges, my futures, and grades. I decided to stop being scared and do something about it. I made a plan for my HS years and my starting college years. Right now in my plan, I’m concerned about the SAT. I want to be able to get 1550 or better to give me a fighting chance at MIT. I’ve read your article about how to get a perfect score, and it did help a lot, but I’ve still got some questions. I haven’t done the PSAT yet but I’m going to soon. |
If I study, I believe the English portion of the test should be easier for me. But Math is what I worry most about. In 7th grade, I made the mistake of losing interest in Math (not knowing it would be important to my career path), and I got set back to Alg 1 instead of Alg 2. I’m still highly capable in mathematics, but I’m missing certain classes I from this Sophomore year that I think would benefit me on the SAT (EX: AP Calc). I just need some advice on SAT Math from someone trustworthy. It’s very important for my career path. I’m afraid this could mess up my whole college plan. Anything would be helpful.
|The good news is that the SAT doesn't need math anywhere near as advanced as calculus. It's designed to be a nationally accessible test, which means it doesn't test require math more advanced than standard high school math. So you're not at a disadvantage.|
It sounds like you're pretty scared of the SAT right now, and I think that's because of lack of exposure. I recommend that you take an SAT practice test as soon as you can. Don't worry about how you do - just take it and get a score. You might do better than you expected. Even if you don't, now you know what the nature of the beast is, and you can start tackling your weaknesses to get a good score.
|10/18/2020||Extracurriculars - Spike||I read your article about how to get into Harvard and the Ivy League, I found it really helpful and I really appreciate it. I started thinking about making some achievements as a high school student and I will try my best to develop a huge spike. But I have one question, in the ninth grade I got into the number 1 ranked high school in my country with full scholarship. so, do you think this is an achievement that I can mention in my application? Is this something that universities like Harvard would pay attention to?||Good job getting in! It's a good start, but getting into a high school isn't really an achievement to be listed on your application. If it's a really competitive high school, then colleges already know that; when they see that your application lists that school, you've already "earned" that credit.|
What's important now is what you do AFTER getting in - you have three and a half years to prove this out. It's the same with college - if you meet someone who says he went to Harvard, that's kind of cool, but you really care what the person has done with his life afterward. There are plenty of bozos who get into schools like Harvard but don't make much of their lives, so the fact that they went to Harvard shouldn't impress you much. Same goes with getting in your high school.
|10/18/2020||Extracurriculars||I live in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. I learn in ---- school and I am in 12 grade. I was planning to apply to Ivy league colleges. Unfortunately, I couldn’t finish some requirements; (i.e, national and regional science fair), due to the pandemic. And my country doesn’t provide the platform for students to do researches with professors and other researchers. So if you could give me some advice, it will help a lot. Thanks in advance.||Lots of students are in your situation, where their lives were upended by covid. Colleges don't expect you to have as strong of an application as if covid didn't happen. They do however care about how you make the most of the situation and the opportunities available to you. Can you demonstrate your interests in ways other than what you had planned? For instance, is there any way to take your interests online, or to complete the projects you would have done for the science fair even if it isn't happening?|
As you're a senior there might not be a lot of time left, so you might also have to lean on all the work you did pre-Covid to boost the rest of your application, and talk about how you made the most of Covid elsewhere in your application.
|10/11/2020||Extracurriculars||I am looking for advice on my big spike, as my spike is not super traditional.|
My spike is locksport (the sport of locksmithing).
As per achievements, I started the locksport club in my school, and helped start not one, but two chapters of international locksport organizations in my hometown. (TOOOL and Locksport International).
I have been the president for one of them for two years, and I also offer classes in my areas on locksport, and how to pick locks.
In my opinion, this is a good spike. I spend many hours lockpicking every week, and try to bring it to the next level by offering classes, and trying to be a leader in the group.
Otherwise, I do have a small spike that is more traditional. I also do Science Olympiad. I have won first in 3 events in local and state competitions in biology-related fields (disease detectives, microbe missions, and anatomy and physiology).
|You definitely have an interesting hobby that can stand out. There certainly are not that many locksport practitioners, but keep in mind that uniqueness itself is not enough to be a formidable spike. There are many people with unique hobbies out there - let's say archery, whitehat computer hacking, basket weaving, Irish folk dance, stone skipping, Tai Chi, and so on. If you put all of them in a bucket, how would you choose the ones that are most impressive?|
A spike is not just about uniqueness - it's a demonstration of considerable effort, talent, and achievement. A good way to show this in a more quantifiable way is either 1) doing well in a notable, competitive competition, 2) achieving considerable impact.
You have a good start, but keep thinking about how you can push your passion further, either by honing your craft or by deepening your impact. Could you set up larger conferences for your sport? Could you make cool videos (like Lockpicking Laywer) to attract many more people to your sport?
|10/11/2020||Extracurriculars||I have a question. I genuinely have 40 hours of extracurriculars (focusing on two spikes) on top of 6 AP classes. Does that sound unbelievable or like a lie if a college admissions officer were to read that?||Keep in mind that at 16 hours per day and 7 days a week, you only have 112 hours of waking time per week. 40 of these are used in school, probably 10-30 need to be spent on homework (depending on your classes and speed), and some amount should be spent on basic recovery and free time.|
So 40 hours of extracurriculars is reasonable and not outlandish. It would suggest that you have a very packed schedule, but this isn't too surprising (and I was fairly similar). However, anything about 80 hours would be unrealistic and viewed with heavy skepticism.
|10/11/2020||Applications - Chances||Quick question, does creative writing count as an “academic” category for the Harvard rankings? Or extracurricular?||(For background, check out my explanation of Harvard's rating system: https://blog.prepscholar.com/harvard-asian-admissions-lawsuit-application-strategy).|
I'm not totally sure, but I'd guess that it's extracurricular. Academic has more to do with mastery of academic subjects (physics, economics, etc) and indicates future scholarship in the field.
|10/11/2020||Motivation||i've been thinking about the ACT a lot, even though i have 3 years until i actually have to take it i want to be prepared. Growing up nor my mom or dad finished College, and my mother works hard everyday and I see how much physical work she puts in just to provide food for us and I can't help but feel sad because I want to be able to help her out once I graduate College but of course, you need to have good grades to get accepted. I've been seeing a lot of things on the news about people not having the same chances but I have to disagree. There are people who come from India, Asia, the Middle East with nothing but the shirt on their backs and they've become successful. So everyone has a chance, but anyways I'm getting off topic. The reason I emailed you is because I want to know what motivated you and how you felt getting a perfect score, and how you became successful.||You're asking a question about motivation, which is a great thing to ponder.|
The way I see it, the foundation of motivation comes from answering life's greatest questions—what do I want to accomplish in this world before I die? Why is that? Why do I even need to exist?
Once you have this answer, then trace your final goal back to where you are today. What are the steps you need to take to meet your final goal?
Once you have this mapped out, you will find the energy and motivation to tackle all the steps in the path to achieving your goals. On the other hand, if you lack answers to these questions, you'll find it hard to summon the motivation to put in the work (since you don't really care about the work in the first place).
Of course it's too much to ask to have a really solid answer when you're a teenager (I spent much of my 20's figuring this out for myself), but you can at least have certain things you care about that drive you. It sounds like you care a lot about caring for your parents in return for what they did for you. That's a fantastic motivation. You probably want to end up with a great career in some type of field; to get there, you'll need to go to a good college; to go to a good college, you'll need to do well on the ACT, coursework, and extracurriculars.
Personally for me I really wanted to be a doctor/scientist, and that mapped all the way back to excelling in high school. There were other motivations (I loved competing and being the best academically) but the most important was having some direction that I was aiming toward.
|10/11/2020||Applications - International||1) Amidst covid there is rumor going in my country that the acceptance for international students will be extremely low, is it true , what is your take on it?|
2) I read your article about spikes, what is the best way to show your spikes considering the covid cancelled all of my ECAs.
3) Is it true that international students have half the acceptance of a domestic student.
|1) I don't think international acceptance rates will be strongly affected by Covid. There's no good reason I can think of for colleges to accept fewer international students just because of Covid.|
2) All students will struggle with this in some way. You will have to make the best of your situation. On the plus side, the pandemic gives an opportunity for students to show extra creativity where they otherwise wouldn't have had to.
3) Yes, unfortunately it is generally more competitive for international students to get into domestic schools. I believe it is a bit easier if you demonstrate you can pay tuition, but this isn't a big factor at the top universities.
|10/11/2020||Applications - Test Scores||Harvard declared itself as test optional but will not send scores affect my acceptance, I read multiple articles some say it will while others say it won't. I wanted to know what you thought about it.||While schools are test optional, I personally believe good test scores give you an advantage. If you don't send scores, they won't necessarily hold it against you, but there are just fewer points of data they can use to calibrate your performance vs other students. If you have some other notable achievement that convinces them you're in the top 1 percentile of students (like winning a competitive competition), then this can substitute for test scores. But if you don't, then it's easy to fall into the middle of the pack.|
|10/11/2020||Applications - Recommendations||Is it bad to ask a freshman teacher to write your rec letter. I know this teacher who taught me freshman year and for a brief period sophomore year. However, I still talk to him a lot and feels like he knows me best and can write a great letter. The only problem is that he did not teach me junior or senior year. Do you think that will look bad? Thank you||The drawback to a freshman year teacher is that it'll have been over 2 years since he saw you in the classroom. People develop a lot from age 14 to age 17, and so his impression will be a bit outdated. Furthermore, colleges would wonder why it is you didn't develop a stronger relationship with any teacher since freshman year.|
Since you're a senior, you may not have much of a chance now to develop relationships with sophomore and junior year teachers, so if your freshman year teacher can best speak to your personality and interaction with other students, I would choose your freshman year teacher rather than a junior year teacher who doesn't know you as well.
For younger students in this situatino, I would hedge a bit: continue your relationship with your freshman year teacher, but continue trying hard to develop relationships with sophomore and junior year teachers. Then when you apply, choose the best mix of teachers who can paint complementary portraits of you.
|10/11/2020||Coursework - APs||I am a rising sophomore in Canada. I have a few question regarding the AP and IB programs: |
1. Are AP courses in Canada different than AP courses in the US(in terms of difficulty, course material, etc.)?
2. Do Ivy league universities prefer students who complete IB over students who take AP? I have heard that Ivy League's like to accept students who take more challenging coursework. Considering that IB is a more rigourous program than AP, would my chances of acceptance in an Ivy league school be higher if I took and IB? Thank you.
|1. AP _courses_ can vary a lot even within the same school, since it depends on how the school and teacher want to teach the curriculum. AP exams, however, are the same no matter where you are.|
2. I've never heard of a big favoring of IB over AP curricula. I don't know the IB curriculum as well, but I've never heard of it being distinctly and significantly more difficult or challenging than AP - there are just different tradeoffs (e.g. in terms of breadth vs depth). I would choose whichever one you're more interested in or that's more convenient for you and not worry as much about it.
|10/11/2020||Applications - Chances||I have recently become a lot more interested in college admissions, and I have read your guides on getting better grades, SAT/ACT scores, and "How to get into Harvard."|
First off, I just want to say that these guides were awesome. They've given me a clear picture of what I need to do to get to where I want to be.
Post college, I want to work on superconductor research. I think that developing a theory for superconductivity or simply creating new superconductors would be an excellent way for me to utilize my interests in physics and chemistry, and would also be a fulfilling line of work for me. To this end, I want to attend MIT.
The issue here is that I am not confident that I can get into MIT. As a junior, I have a GPA of 3.65, and I have calculated that I can achieve a 3.8 GPA with the classes and time I have remaining at high school. I am also prepared to commit the time it would take to get a perfect score in either the SAT or ACT, or both if required.
However, because I am a junior, I feel as though I might not be able to set up the "spike" that you have said would make me desirable for colleges. I enjoy physics and chemistry, and I have achieved either an A or B+ in AP Physics 1 and Chemistry. I've done a number of programs through an organization called "WCATY" (Wisconsin Center for Academically Talented Youth), which were predominantly 2 years of 3 week long courses at a nearby college, which allowed me to study physics in a much more strenuous environment than normal school.
I've also got a small passion for history - I'm taking AP Euro this year, and was thinking about taking AP Psych in my senior year. Finally, I swim for my school, and am close to making varsity.
My main question is then. - what else should I do? Like I said, I am assuming a best case scenario of a 3.8 GPA (my high school doesn't give more weight to AP classes), and a 1600 on the SAT, as well as a 36 on the ACT.
Given those grades, and 6 AP classes in topics of my interest, how should I develop my spike?
And finally, would it be worth pursuing any of the classes or clubs that I have laid out here?
>My school has a couple of science competitions (Science Bowl and Physics Bowl, both of which extend beyond the school).
>My school has a math team and a robotics team.
>I am eligible for both National Honor Society and the Rho Kappa Soc. Stud. Honor Society.
|Assuming that your academics are in place, I'd encourage you to explore the very interest you suggested: superconductor research. Can you get a research internship in this field somehow? If it's impossible, can you demonstrate your interest in this field another way (say, by making approachable videos teaching the content)?|
Schools like MIT and Caltech appreciate students who have a genuine interest in a field and do actual work on it. This can compensate for imperfect grades and test scores (though you can't fall too far).
Lastly, I also want to stress that you don't _need_ to go to MIT to work on superconductor research. You should aim to get into your dream school, but don't be crushed if you don't get in - you can do cool research at many universities.
|8/16/2020||Coursework - APs||In my school, there is accelerated math 1 as a course and students who take that goes to accelerated math 2 in tenth grade. Then, AP Calculus AB in 11th grade. And, finally, AP Calculus BC in 12th grade. I completed ninth grade already and as a freshman, I took Accelerated math 1. But, the thing is, I really really struggled in that course (I ended up with B+) and I’m not sure if I want to take accelerated math 2 as a sophomore. Personally, I wish to major in the sciences, like biology or physics. So, I have two options here. |
1) take accelerated math 2 as a sophomore although my grades won’t be really good. (I predict it be ‘B’. Maybe lower.)
2) take Algebra 2 trig as a sophomore. Go to precalculus as a junior. Then, go to AP Calculus AB as a senior. As you can see, going to algebra 2 trig won’t allow me to advance too far as a senior. Despite that, I get to have better grades and less stress in my high school life in regards to math subjects.
Note: by going slower in my math curriculum, it won’t stop me from taking other courses that require prerequisites like AP Physics C or AP Chemistry.
Personally, I think that GPA is more important than the courses I’m taking (although that’s still crucial). But, I’m not sure what to choose. What would you recommend?
|I suggest challenging yourself to the point that you'll likely get an A but need to work for it. You don't want it so easy that you could have taken a more advanced course. But you don't want it so hard that you get a bad grade and sterss yourself out a lot.|
It's also good that going slower in math won't block your prereqs for AP courses you want to take.
In general, if your school has a policy for dropping courses by a specific time, you might try the harder course for a few weeks to see if you can handle the challenge. Then, if it's too much, you can drop the course or go down a level.
|8/16/2020||Thanks||I just wanted to say a huge THANK YOU! I am an international student who was studying for the ACT. I scored a 32 on my first test and was struggling to improve my score on the practice tests that I was doing. My parents don't have much money so I couldn't afford any tuition or online packages. I found Prepscholar just by searching up free ACT tips and tricks on the internet and it quickly became my main source of study. Using free practice tests and all your tips, I was able to improve my score in one test from a 32 to a perfect 36. I just wanted to thank you and encourage you to keep growing Prepscholar as I am sure it has helped so many students like myself.||Thank you for your thoughtful email. You put in all the hard work and you deserve your awesome score! This is going to be a huge help for your college applications. |
If you benefited from my advice, the only request I have for you is to pay it forward by helping younger students learn and achieve. Let people know about our resources. Then coach them on how best to improve like you did.
|8/16/2020||Applications - Course Requirements||Do i have to learn a second language in order to get into Harvard or any Ivy League school?||It's not absolutely required, but it is common. Here's what Harvard says: "There is no single academic path we expect all students to follow, but the strongest applicants take the most rigorous secondary school curricula available to them. An ideal four-year preparatory program includes four years of English, with extensive practice in writing; four years of math; four years of science: biology, chemistry, physics, and an advanced course in one of these subjects; three years of history, including American and European history; and four years of one foreign language."|
I also think it's common in state graduation requirements to learn a second language, so your school likely is forcing you to do so anyway.
|8/16/2020||Extracurriculars - Academic Competitions||Today was the day that I received my AP scores, and I was pretty devastated to see a 3 on AP bio, the subject that I studied so hard on. That made me wonder if biology was the right subject for me to pursue, and I came to the conclusion that I either wanted to stay in sciences and do Chemistry and Physics as my spike or do machine learning and AI. As of now, I definitely have more experience in the science category, since I have started to learn Chemistry and have taken a year of Bio along with self studying for AP Bio exam. After reading your article and seeing your application to Harvard, it gave ideas on how to show my interest and passion in the science fields. I have emailed my teacher to ask if I can take AP Chemistry Sophomore year as an exception, but I was wondering if there were any places such as colleges or organizations that can help me excel in this area. I had no idea that there were science competitions specifically on Chemistry and Physics until I read your application, and I made it my goal to be able to compete in the National Chemistry Olympiad. However, as an incoming sophomore, the only thing I've done is study a bit on my own and with a tutor on basic chemistry. However, to be able to compete at the national level, I realized that I needed to know so many more than just basic chemistry. However, my school only offers up to AP Chemistry, and i was wondering if there were any other places that I can go to further my interest in Chem. I was hoping that I could join a professor at a college or watch a lab to see how it works in the real world, but I'm not sure how to do this. If you have any contacts or programs that I can do so that I can be fully prepared for the Olympiad by Junior year or possibly end of sophomore year, please let me know. I used to play a lot of hockey, and recently, I stopped because of the huge time commitment, and a lot of extra time has been offered to me.||From my memory, for the US National Chemistry Olympiad local and national exams, for the most part you need only up to AP Chemistry, with just a bit of organic chemistry. You can see the past exams here: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/students/highschool/olympiad/pastexams.html|
My best advice would be to take a look at the sample exams and study them like you would any other test. To get into the study camp, you'll basically need perfect scores on both tests. Once you figure out where you're weak, you need to drill those weaknesses.
In terms of resources, you might consider joining online communities around the olympiad (there might be subreddits or forums), or hiring a tutor who specializes in prepping for the olympiad.
|8/16/2020||PrepScholar||I fit a similar profile to your "academic superstar". In 7th grade, I took the SAT through Duke University's TIP, and got a 1570 on it. Now, as a rising freshman, I practice test at consistently 1600. I'm incredibly interested in law and government as well: I took a practice LSAT for fun, did incredibly well, and registered for the August 2020 test. Now, I'm practice testing on the LSAT at anywhere from 176-180, in the top 0.2% of students eight years older than me. I'm working in the campaign for mayor of my city, *******. I have a burning passion for what I believe in and enjoy, and I know exactly what I want to do (and have known since the age of 9 years old.). Could you work with me on college admissions?||Thanks a lot for the note. You're clearly precocious and high-achieving, so you're in a good place. |
I personally don't have the bandwidth to offer college admissions services myself, but I personally created our admissions department here: http://admissions.prepscholar.com/ . You'll be able to find a college counselor who understands you and your background and will help coach you on your way to your future goals, whatever they are.
As you mentioned, it's possible that you don't really need college application help. You have the luxury of not needing to worry about grades or test scores. This means you have plenty of free time to try a lot of things and figure out what you like, then get deep into your areas of interest.
|8/16/2020||Applications - Recommendations||I am currently unsure if my economics teacher is suitable as a teacher recommendation and was wondering if you would be able to give me some advice?|
I was not able to take economics at school because it was during my english periods, which are compulsory. Because I really wanted to take this subject, I decided to take it online without a teacher. However, every fortnight and frequently after school, I meet with my school economics teacher to ask and discuss any questions that I have encountered. He definitely knows my personality better than any other teacher at my school, and I think that out of all my teachers, he would be able to write the best recommendation. However, he has only taught me in Year 8, and since he is technically not my teacher now, would he be appropriate or should I ask another teacher who teaches me every week?
|The important thing for a teacher recommendation is that the teacher knows you well - not just how you do academically, but your personality and how you engage with other students. The point of the recommendation is to touch on the soft skills that are so important to colleges - how you engage socially, how you overcome obstacles, what makes you special among the thousands of students they've taught.|
In your situation, it sounds like the teacher could comment on your curiosity and academic drive well, as well as your personal growth over the years. One weakness is that he might not be able to comment as much on your social interaction with other students. Also, if it's been years since he formally taught you, he might not be able to comment on more concrete aspects of your coursework, like how you did on projects and assignments.
I'd hedge a bit if possible - continue developing your relationship with your Econ teacher, while also seeing if you could develop any relationships with your current teachers. Then, when you're applying, think about who your best recommenders would be and how two of them would complement each other.
|8/16/2020||Tests - SAT/ACT||i’m taking a online ACT prep course, by James Franklin and from this perspective he told me that it’s best to read ACT reading books like for example, The New York Times and etc. He said to try this 3+ months and a lot of his students tried it and it work, did u before also did this or did u just kept practicing on the ACT reading like who most people did. Please let me know thank you !||I think reading well-written material is good for general development, and as a high school student reading The New Yorker and The Atlantic definitely helped develop my sense for good writing.|
However, hour for hour, I still think prepping specifically for the test is more effective. Reading is generally helpful, but it doesn't directly prep you for the test. Think of it this way - if you were training for a swim meet, weight lifting would probably help you, but not as much as using that same time on your swimming stroke. I also say this knowing most students have a finite amount of time and can't do full hours of test prep while also reading everything they want to read.
|8/16/2020||Applications - Essays||I’ve submitted my essay in many peer review websites online. Most have been encouraging and supportive of my essay but one individual struck it down as a “minority’s cliche”. My essay is about how I wear the Islamic headcovering of the hijab and how I used to be afraid of speaking about it but after several events, I now feel empowered and inspired by my religion to stand for justice. Is this too cliche and un engaging of a personal statement?||Online peer review sites have a few major problems: 1) you don't know who's reviewing it and whether they have any credibility, 2) they don't know anything about you or the rest of your application. Even worse, some toxic reviewers might deliberately want to make people feel bad about their applications.|
College admissions readers have read literal thousands of essays. There are only so many experiences people can possibly have in the first 17 years of their life, and they've seen it all.
The important thing about your essay is that it needs to ring true to who you are. You shouldn't write from the mindset of trying to impress the admissions committee - this will come across as inauthentic. As long as you're writing about something you care about, and it demonstrates how you view the world, don't worry about it being a "cliche." Even if other people have had the same experience, how you interpreted it in your way is what matters.
|8/16/2020||Applications - Chances||I am a Nigerian and I am not based in the US. I am 15 years old. I will be done with high school by next year. I will love to make it into any of the Ivy league schools. Rest assured, I'm not the best in my class, but I can say, I'm actually smart. Like you said, being well rounded isn't the thing. I actually don't do much outside the classroom, because over here, there aren't much opportunities. My school doesn't do clubs, I write though (I've represented my school a number of times in external essay competitions). There aren't opportunities for clubs and I don't do sport. I don't actually play any instructions. I bake. I would love to study economics,because that's what I'm passionate about. My country's economy is really messed up, And I hope to come back home some day, and do something big here.I would also like to work in the World bank(actually, thats what i want.My country is an after thought).I would also like to change people's lives.Iuld take the SAT next year, and hope to get a really high score, with help from your platform as well as others. I also hope to do well in my final exam. What do you think are my chances of getting into any of the Ivy league schools? Is there anything I need to work on?Also, I would be applying for financial aid and scholarships because my parents can definitely not afford any of these schools.||Harvard and similar schools of course look for the top students in the world, and they're especially selective for international students (since they have so few slots for them). This means you'll ideally have strong academic performance and demonstrate deep achievement in your area of interest.|
Here's a guide on what it takes to increase your chances of getting into one of these schools. https://blog.prepscholar.com/how-to-get-into-harvard-and-the-ivy-league-by-a-harvard-alum
If you have questions on your chances at getting into any particular school, my advice is to be ambitious and apply as though you have all the chances in the world. Whether someone like me tells you have a chance shouldn't really affect your thinking. If someone told you you have good chances, you need to avoid sitting on your laurels - you should keep pushing as hard as you can to exceed your goals. And if someone told you you're a reach, you shouldn't be demoralized - you should brush it off and keep pushing. So my opinion is not all that important - it's what you do internally that really matters at the end of the day.
|8/16/2020||Applications - Chances||I saw your article on Harvard and how they do their rankings. Because I have some international awards in dance I might qualify for a 1, but I am not certain about that. But my main question is, if I have near perfect Sat/ACT, grades, AP scholar with distinction , PSAT national merit, and French national exam gold medal. Do you think there is even a chance for me to get a 1 in the academic category? I am truly curious, as I definitely am going to focus on dance. I am definitely aware that to get a 1 in academics, it is not only perfect grades and scores.||(For background, check out my explanation of Harvard's rating system: https://blog.prepscholar.com/harvard-asian-admissions-lawsuit-application-strategy).|
A good way to think about a "1" as ranked by Harvard is that it signals a level of achievement that possibly only about 0.5% students applying that year will be able to achieve. And note - this is the top 0.5% of Harvard applicants, not of the entire nation. Only about 200 students per year get this score.
As Harvard defines it, a 1 in an academic rating means: "1. Summa potential. Genuine scholar; near-perfect scores and grades (in most cases) combined with unusual creativity and possible evidence of original scholarship."
Of 40,000 applicants a year, 8,000 had perfect GPAs, 625 had a perfect score on ACT; 361 had a perfect 2400 on SAT; 3,500 had perfect SAT math; 2,700 had perfect SAT verbal.
So generally, perfect grades and AP scores are not enough to earn a 1. It requires some noteworthy original work or achievement that puts you within the top 0.5% of Harvard applicants, and possibly the top 0.05% within the nation
|8/16/2020||Extracurriculars - Research|
I'm a rising junior, and and I'm planning to apply to some summer science enrichment programs between junior year and senior year (RSI, SSI, LaunchX, etc.).
As an RSI alumni yourself, what tips/advice do you have for students involved with science, such as myself, for getting into these competitive programs?
Is it a lot like the college admissions process? What differences are there? For RSI in particular, what test scores do you recommend to show? Outside of academics, what do you recommend students to do to optimize their application to these programs?
|Applying to RSI is kind of like a mini version of applying to college. At a baseline, you should be academically strong, but these are just table stakes - there are thousands of students with near perfect test scores and GPAs. Beyond academics, you should show a special passion for your field of interest and ideally show prior achievement in it. This often means having already done meaningful research, or some other noteworthy extracurricular academic achievement (like national-level academic competitions).|
Your recommendations will also be important - RSI cares a lot about its community, and it doesn't want geniuses who are jerks. Your letters should show that you're an active participant in the classroom and get along well with your colleagues, if not be seen as a leader.
|07/26/2020||Tests - PSAT||I graduated from Harvard in 1993 (old man!) and one observation I made, at the time, was my perceived advantage students had in the admissions process that scored really high on the PSAT!! Nobody ever told me that in H.S. It was just, “this is simply practice for the SAT”. Think I scored 1100 and never thought about it again until I met people at Harvard who scored 1500 and then received letters from top schools! Was a real eye opener for me. I never want to push my kids too much, too early...they’ll be entering 7th and 9th grade, so I was entertaining the thought of your PSAT prep course. Was just wondering what YOUR thoughts were on the PSAT and college admissions.||Personally I think the PSAT/National Merit doesn't add much to the college admissions process - a high SAT score is far more important than a high PSAT score. A good thing about prepping for the PSAT is it preps the student for the SAT in a more approachable way, but for talented kids, it wouldn't be bad to just train on the SAT directly.|
|07/26/2020||Tests - SAT||I struggle particularly with history passages in the SAT reading part, namely either the passage with two passages together or passages that are written by a historical person. It is very hard for me to understand these passages and thus I get a lot of the questions wrong, sometimes even up to half of the passage questions wrong. I have looked through almost all of PrepScholar's SAT Reading articles and have also used PrepScholar's classes and service but I just cannot improve. I know you might not be the most appropriate person to ask but I was just hoping you can give me some advice and tips.||It's hard to diagnose issues like this over email, but my biggest advice is to carefully review every single one of your mistakes. Do you really understand why you missed the question and how to avoid making that mistake in the future?|
If you have trouble with this, a tutor might be able to help. You can find a tutor with PrepScholar, or also through a lot of other sources.
|07/26/2020||Applications - Essays||I am a rising senior in the process of applying to colleges and I am requesting your assistance for the essay writing portion for my college list and potentially college apps as a whole. One of our family friends referred us to you, specifically you, as a great help during the process.||If you feel you could use extra help, you can get help from one of our superstar admissions counselors at http://admissions.prepscholar.com/. I created our admissions program myself, and they'll be the best people to help you with every aspect of your college applications. I suggest you sign up for a consultation to see if we're a good fit for you.|
|07/26/2020||Coursework - Languages||I am a sophomore at Enloe High School. I have been taking Spanish since 7th grade. I just completed my 3rd year of Spanish in Freshman year. In your prepscholar blog, your colleagues mentioned that you should take Spanish all throughout high school. Does that apply to me as well since I'd finish 4 years of Spanish in 10th grade?||Typically 4 years of Spanish equates to something like AP level, so if you could take the AP exam in 10th grade and get a good score, then you've certainly done enough!|
|07/26/2020||Coursework - APs||We have a question re my son (junior) and if he should take ap physics 1 (then ap physics c next yr) or if he should try for physics c this yr. |
his courses are:
AP Calc BC
AP Physics (1 or C)
Engineering Aerospace H (magnet)
Adv Theater H (magnet)
He does XX competitions so that is 2.5-3hrs six days a week and XX which is nutso amount of hours all year. He has been able to pull off A’s but just not sure what he should do for physics. He wants to do C but not sure the work load and I worry because he takes so much on and wants to go to a top college for engineering. I am worried it is all too much n if maybe 1 is easier and will lighten the load? Or if C is necessary to be looked at for his goals. He likes the idea of taking math n science at a college his senior yr.
|I generally suggest taking on whatever courseload is manageable to fit everything else in. Like any other single course, Physics 1 vs C is not a make or break thing. It's nice to have if it's a breeze; it's counterproductive if it sinks his other grades and makes him miserable. He'll ultimately have to see how feasible C is and whether he should drop down to 1. Consider checking out the material during the summer to see if he feels it's manageable or not.|
|07/26/2020||Tests - SAT||I am starting from scratch (even though I got a GPA of 99.10 out of 100), and I am aiming to get a score of 1600 on the SAT. I have 840 hours for that and would like to know the best way to spend every single minute.|
I’m a high school graduate from Saudi Arabia who is planning to start applying to U.S universities by the 1st of August. I registered for the SAT test on December 5th. Now, for your information, as a Saudi student who has studied in the national section, my education was not concerned on preparing me for the SAT and I didn’t have the SAT in mind at all even after I graduated from high school. That said, I am still a student who scored excellent marks in high school subjects ( including maths and English ). Anyways, I am dedicating my full time for the SAT prep now.
So my question is, while having in mind the time I am putting for this, do you think that your online prep program ( with tutoring 995$ ) can build me *from* * scratch * to where I want to be, or do you think that I should pair it with something else, or should I build myself first through Books and then come to you. And then also I don’t know if for example I should focus on maths for two months then reading and grammar for the other two months.
| First thing I would say is take a breath - the stakes are high, yes, but you have time, and you don't have to feel like every millisecond is vital (every hour or day probably is though).|
I suggest focusing less on the materials you want to cram through and more on a dynamic approach - figure out where you are and iterate from there.
First thing I would do is take a full-length practice test, as realistically as possible. What score do you get? If you get a 1200 you will need a different plan from if you get a 1550 the first try. If you don't know where you're scoring you have no business deciding what materials you're using.
If you want a high score, these are the principles to use in your study: https://blog.prepscholar.com/how-to-get-a-perfect-sat-score-by-a-2400-sat-scorer - whether you use PrepScholar, books, or any other resource, these principles always hold true.
Only after that would I worry about what resources to use and how much to study when. Give it a try.
|07/26/2020||Coursework - Research||I currently live in Australia and was reading your 'My Successful Harvard Application' and was just wondering how could I possibly take up research positions at a science laboratory. I mean, wherever I search, I can only find internship opportunities for University students and not high school students. Could you give a suggestion about where and how I can land myself an internship as an year 10 high school student.||As with most things in life, you'll have to ask for what isn't handed to you. If you show interest and dedication and assure the lab staff that you're not going to waste their time, you'll be able to get a post somewhere. Be ambitious and aggressive and just ask, as best you can.|
|07/19/2020||Extracurriculars|| I can get into harvard law or science with music production as my spike, right? I mean if that is so then I’m definitely in luck.|
I know you’re not really familiar with music production like other passions ( science, writing, etc) but do you have any suggestions or tricks that can really boost my achievements in this craft (like opportunities, etc) and making it eye-catching to harvard?
|Harvard doesn't require you to commit to a major like some other schools do, so yeah you can do something notable in any field and get in. In fact they want you to take some time and explore before committing.|
One suggestion for ideas is to think not just about how to be the top 0.1% music producer in the traditional sense and try to be the next Rick Rubin, but to combine it with other passions you have. For example:
-music production x education (e.g. Youtube tutorials)
-music production x community service (e.g. get kids into music production)
-music production x computer programming (e.g. build cool music production tools)
-music production x science (I don't have any ideas here but you can try 🙂
If you can be top 20% in music production and top 20% in field #2, then you're going to do quite well, and that doesn't require you to be a genius 0.1% music producer.
|07/19/2020||Tests - SAT||For a while now I've been studying for the SAT with the goal of taking it this fall. When I first started studying, I used Khan Academy, but after my mom and I read many of your college articles, we decided to give PrepScholar a try. PrepScholar has been helpful for me, I am very thankful for this program you have put together. |
Now that I'm in the 1500 range (1510 at the moment), I have the feeling that my habits and study strategies need to become even more efficient for me to work towards the perfect score, but I don't exactly know what to change moving forward.
I feel a little frustrated at the moment because my family can't afford the full package (in any case I don't want individualized tutoring on every question), but I know I would greatly benefit from a one time meeting which I would use to get advice on improving my methodology, and to set my bearings straight for the last ninety points of my SAT journey.
|My schedule is so booked that unfortunately I don't have the bandwidth to meet with the many students who ask for a meeting, so to be fair to everyone I can't take these meetings. But you've already made huge strides in your SAT score - improving from here on is doing more of the same, but to a higher degree of excellence. You need to be relentless about chasing down every single mistake and logging them so you never make the mistake again. Check out my Perfect SAT Score article on PrepScholar for more of this idea. I promise you that if you study intelligently, you will improve further from here.|
|07/19/2020||Extracurriculars||I’m a grade 10 student currently living in Canada and i can say that I’m pretty good in academics. But as you said, I don’t want to be well-rounded and I want to have a spike.|
My passion was always music, I don’t know how to play instruments professionally, but i started learning music production and audio engineering when i was 12 and i can say that I’m really good at it. Became 3rd place in some local beatbattles, and 6th in a big world-wide competition with over 20,000 participants. But i haven’t achieved something that is world-changing. I don’t know what i can do to achieve something this great.
Now I wanted to know, can this be my spike? If so how can i make this my spike?
I also wanted to know does it matter if my spike is different than what I wanted to study at Harvard? For example spike: music / Harvard law
| In brief, you don't have to do something world-changing in the traditional sense (eg starting a nonprofit). For example, Olympic athletes who win a silver medal arguably aren't changing the world necessarily, but they are extremely good at their craft and one of the world's best at what they do. That's enough for a spike.|
The point of a spike is that you demonstrate you have high potential to achieve in your area of passion. Colleges don't expect you to have found what your lifelong career passion is when you're 16. But you just need to demonstrate that once you do, you have the tenacity, creativity, and execution ability to do it.
So I think your interest in music production definitely fits. Keep exploring that passion, keep developing your craft and pushing your boundaries of what you think is possible. You already seem like you're accomplished in it and passionate about it, and you can keep doing more in the next 18 months.
No, your spike doesn't need to match what you want to study in college.
|07/19/2020||Extracurriculars||I am a student in the U.K. and I’ve always wanted to go to Harvard. After reading your article about your successful application and how to get into Ivy League schools, I’ve realised I do have a spike in science and research. However, when I think about how I could demonstrate that in an application, I’m not so sure it will be conveyed due to my lack of achievements. This is partly due to my high school focusing more on academic achievements or the ‘well rounded’ approach rather than specific specialisation. Seeing as I intend to apply for admission in September 2021, I’m not so sure how I can procure enough achievements to create a successful application, especially under the circumstances of the current global pandemic. I know I have a spike in science and research due to my contributions to class discussions which also led me to start a science magazine in my school. I also read many articles particularly related to innovation and document my opinions on them.||My best advice is to research what other people in your field of interest do to generate their spikes as ideas. You can read up on profiles in places like collegeconfidential (though this is a neurotic and sometimes toxic place, so don't spend too much time there). Once you have an idea, try to see how you can get the most progress on these within one year.|
|07/12/2020||GPA||In seventh grade, I took Algebra 1, this course is a out of a 5.0 in my district. I ended it with an 89, a and do not know my weighted, or unweighted gpa. I wanted to know if I could improve this throughout the course of high schools and eighth grade geometry, or whether, I was stuck with it. I also wanted to know if this was a good start towards an Ivy League. It sounds a little far fetched, but I am only keeping my hopes high and my expectations low.||Generally colleges only look at your high school grades, so your 7th grade grades won't be factored into GPA. Furthermore, you don't need a perfect GPA to get in - they take into account many more factors.|
Here's a guide I wrote on how to get into elite schools: https://blog.prepscholar.com/how-to-get-into-harvard-and-the-ivy-league-by-a-harvard-alum
|07/12/2020||General||I am a rising 9th grader. In 2nd grade I had a dream of going to Harvard. I did not realize that getting into one of the best colleges in the world was hard and took time. Now, as I am getting closer to junior year, I realize that going to Harvard is harder than ever. I read your article on how to get into Harvard and I realized that what I have accomplished is mediocre. I was hoping you could help me out and give me tips and guides. I have accomplished things but not to the national level. I have many piano awards, but all are from regional to state. I did mathcounts but i failed terribly. I did Mock Trial where I received the Most effective attorney at state. I am also on the jv soccer team. I got a 1230 on PSAT and I am deeply worried about my future. My parents are also chinese, and they have high standards for me. If you could contact me and help me out that would be probably life changing!||Every person's path needs to be different:|
-figure out what you're interested in
-think about what kind of impact you'd like to make on the world
-set ambitious goals for yourself
-figure out what you're missing in knowledge to achieve those goals. Get that knowledge
-try and experiment. Fail a lot, but learn from your mistakes and keep iterating
That's the general structure anyone should use to get through life, so it's the best advice I have for you. What exactly you do depends on your interests, and you need to determine that for yourself, not follow what some random person on the Internet tells you.
|07/12/2020||Extracurriculars||My passion in life is providing healthcare to low-income areas because I am a true believer in the fact that with resources and education, ignorance can be disbanded. As someone who has faced discrimination based upon ignorance in the past, this passion resonates with me to the bottom of my core. To create my "big spike" around my passion, I have dedicated my extracurricular activities to be centered around my passion. |
I am currently serving at a hospital as an intern, I hold a position in my schools ASB council as secretary, I created and am the president of debate club at my school, and I am taking college classes in foreign languages such as Arabic. At first, these extracurriculars can seem all over the place, however, they each go hand in hand to help me accomplish my passion. By serving as a hospital intern in a rigorous program, I am seeing the medical field first hand, by serving in my school ASB council and running debate club, I am aiding the next generation in developing critical thinking and disbanding ignorance in our community, and by taking foreign language classes, I am bridging the gap that lack of understanding different language creates, by allowing myself to be able to communicate with all types of people who need my help-seeking medical resources.
However, after carefully reading your articles, I have begun to understand that this alone won't allow me to change my communities access to healthcare, and because of this realization, I have decided that I want to create a non-profit that works to help bridge the gap between low-income areas and their access to quality and formidable healthcare. The reason I am contacting you is that I need advice on how to make my non-profit a success and truly help people.
|There is so much advice out there on how to build an organization and make it successful. My best advice to you is to learn as much as you can, apply what you learn quickly, then keep trying.|
The best book I would recommend for starting an organization is The Lean Startup.
Beyond this, I would literally google "how to start a successful nonprofit," read through at least the top 10 links, come up with more questions, and keep Googling.
Then at some point, actually try to implement what you've learned. You'll fail at some points but that's fine - just keep trying.